You must then read your classmates’ responses. After you have read their responses, you must respond to TWO of your classmates by the last day of the academic week at 11:59 pm ET. These are called your PEER RESPONSES. Each Peer Response is worth 10 points and should be 100 words in length, which is equal to about 0.4 page of double-spaced writing in Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman 12 point font in a Word document.
1. Examine and discuss Cold War policy under the Truman and Eisenhower administrations. How did these administrations seek to combat the spread of communism abroad? What were the implications and did these policies successfully “contain” communism?
1. Both the Truman and Eisenhower administrations took the communist threat very seriously. The aftermath of WWII ushered in a new anti-communist sentiment in America that was heavily reflected by the policies of each administration. In 1947, Harry Truman sent 400 million dollars in aid to Greece and Turkey to combat terrorists that were claimed to be backed by Communists. The Eisenhower administration coincided perfectly with the detonating of the atomic bomb in 1952, a power which Eisenhower would use to establish a policy of massive retaliation” essentially destruction if Moscow were to do anything to aggress against the United States. Eisenhower’s policy would only go on to fuel the arms and space race leading to the concept of “Mutually Assured Destruction” (American Yawp).
2. In Truman’s State of The Union Address in 1949, he addressed a large number of growing domestic issues after introducing the positive practices and economic standards that United States had placed. The policy goals of his administration focused on domestic infrastructure and regulation of the finance sector by limiting commodity speculation and monopoly busting (Truman, 1949).
3. The Red Scare in the United States took the form of “McCarthyism” coined after Republican Senator Joseph McCarthy, who would go onto what could described as communist which hunt (For better or for worse) that would go on to fuel public distrust and suspicion of communists. During this time however, dissidents and Soviet spies would be found in the United States as normal citizens and even state department officials. Alger Hiss and Julius and Ethel Rosenburg were found to be guilty, with the latter two being sentenced to execution in 1950 (American Yawp).
1. Examine and discuss Cold War policy under the Truman and Eisenhower administrations. How did these administrations seek to combat the spread of Communism abroad? What were the implications, and did these policies successfully “contain” Communism?
The Cold War policy under the Truman and Eisenhower administrations was to prevent Communism from expanding. The United States and the Soviet Union had high tensions, hence the Cold War. There was no active fighting war against each other. Administrations seek to combat the spread of Communism abroad by providing money and military aid. Truman stated the assistance of $400 million to Greece and Turkey in an attempt to help the spread of Communism in countries abroad. Thus, the Cuban revolution confirmed to the Americans of the United States that the expansion of Communism could not be contained. Therefore, the Truman Doctrine was designed to stop development and containment (Stanford University Press, 2018). Hence, the Red Scare was referred to as a list of communists, which consisted of 205 communists working in the United States Department of State (Eisenhower Presidential Library, n.d). This has caused a scare for the Americans of the United States as they could be accused of being communists when they can not be accurate and be falsely accused. Ultimately, the United States and the Soviet Union were high in tension. Therefore, there was a rise in Communism, and the United States attempted to contain the spread of it. This was not 100% effective as Communism continued to rise, and revolutions occurred, even with military and financial aid from the government; nevertheless, with the release of the “Red Scare,” the Americans did not feel safe.
Michael Brenes et al., “The Cold War,” Ari Cushner, ed., in
The American Yawp, eds. Joseph Locke and Ben Wright (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2018).